Skip to main content

Aditya Hrdayam - Part 33 - Vrsakapi -The two force-fields that bind


There are several ‘binding energies’ in science.

Confinement of Quarks

Initially the Quarks (of lightest generation) and Gluons are ‘de-confined’ as a plasma of quarks and gluons. Then they get ‘confined’ into baryons and mesons. Three quarks combine to form baryons (protons and neutrons) and quark/anti-quark pairs combine to form mesons.

In the ‘de-confined’ state the strong force is spread across. Once Quarks get confined into baryons, the strong force gets limited to baryonic distances.

This ‘confinement’ of quarks into baryons and mesons is also a ‘binding’. But the terminology binding energy is not used to denote this. This is called ‘Confinement’ of quarks.

Vrsakapi is NOT about this confinement of quarks.

Residual nuclear force field

Residual Nuclear force is an attractive force that acts between all nucleons (baryons) at the short distances between them (about 2 x 10-15 m). Within the nucleus, where the protons and neutrons are very close together, the nuclear force dominates the repulsive Coulomb force and holds the nucleus together.

The strength of the residual nuclear force field is often measured by Nuclear Binding energy.

Vrsakapi is about this Residual nuclear force field, as it is a measure of the binding energy.

Nuclear Binding energy

When nucleons bind, the new mass of nucleus is less than the sum of the mass of nucleons. The difference in masses or the missing mass is said to be expelled out as ‘Binding energy’ during the Union of nucleons.

This is the binding energy that Science talks about, which is a missing mass. This binding energy is caused by a nuclear force field and is the measure of the strength of the nuclear force field.

In this sloka it is stated that when the ‘Vrsakapi’ attaches to the nucleons, the top is broken into pieces which do not go through the dawn of the Universe ‘smoothly’, causing a defect in the matter at birth.

Thus Vrsakapi is the residual nuclear force field that attaches to the nucleons, binds them, but breaks the top of the matter of which some of them do not go through the dawn, causing a defect in the matter at birth.

Atomic Binding energy

When electrons bind with nucleus, the mass of atom is less than mass of the nucleus and electrons. The difference in mass is very very small, but do exists. This missing mass is said to be expelled in the process of union and is called atomic binding energy.

Atomic binding energy is very small compared to nuclear binding energy.

In this sloka, Indrani or electron is asking Vrsakapi (which I defined as nuclear force field) to come back from the nucleus and create a bigger ‘net’, creating more and more elements. Thus atomic binding energy is seen as similar to nuclear binding energy.

But Indrani is also saying that the Vrsakapi when coming back from Indra (baryons of the nucleus) becomes Indra-ja or born of Indra  and creates a bigger net.

The vrsakapi that bite and grounded the Indra is different from the Vrsakapi that is coming back as it has become born due to Indra.

Thus there are two Vrsakapis that confuses the scholars doing traditional interpretation. They acknowledge this confusion.

But science is clear.

The residual nuclear force-filed binds the nucleons. What comes back from the baryonic nucleus, the protons is Electro-magnetic force field, that is born out of protons (Indra- ja) and is the one that binds the electrons and creates the ‘ribbed’ (parzur) beings.

Thus Vrsakapi, Residual nuclear force-field that binds the nucleons, becomes Son of Indra, the electro-magnetic force-field caused due to protons that binds the electrons.

Rg Veda Mandala 10 Hymn 86

Have a look at how the translation and science match precisely..

Rg Veda Mandala 10 Hymn 86
My Translation
Science and its mapping
vi hi sotor asṛkṣata na indraṃ devam amaṃsata |
yatrāmadadvṛṣākapiraryaḥ puṣṭeṣu matsakhā viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
When Vrsakapi attaches to Indra as nourishing companions,strong force does not flow, it gets confined and  Indra is no longer an independent ‘Deva’. Indra goes into the ‘Heart’ of the Vasu (Atom) and becomes a Vasava.
In the Photon epoch, Universe is filled with photons and remainder of baryons and leptons.

The Residual Strong force-field starts binding baryons, effectively limiting the strong force to baryonic distances.

Baryons lose their status as independent entities, as nucleo-synthesis starts and atoms form.
parā hīndra dhāvasi vṛṣākaperati vyathiḥ |
no aha pravindasyanyatra somapītaye viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
Vrsakapi extremely deprives (of Soma), Indra runs/washes through ahi not finding any other place to drink Soma (apart from within the ahi).

Vrsakapi confines the Soma to within the ahi.  Indra/Baryons does not find any other place apart from ahi to drink the Soma.

With the Residual strong  force-field binding baryons and leptons into atoms, baryons do not find strong force outside the baryonic nucleus.

Residual strong force-field confines soma/strong force to within the quarks (ahi) and the nucleus. Strong force field does not exist outside the baryons.
kimayaṃ tvāṃ vṛṣākapiścakāra harito mṛghaḥ | yasmāirasyasīdu nvaryo vā puṣṭimad vasu viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||

What this Vrsakapi has done to you Indra (to make you) a bearing animal unto whom Aira’s (Sachi mata) seat is attached to, in a nourishing Vasu (atom).
Residual strong force field makes baryons into atomic nucleus around which electrons are captured/dance  (thus baryons become the carrying animals of electrons)
yam imaṃ tvaṃ vṛṣākapiṃ priyam indrābhirakṣasi | śvā nv asya jambhisad api karṇe varahayur viśvasmadindra uttaraḥ ||
Whom this Vrsakapi dearly protects/guards Indra like a dog pouncing/catching the ears of a  boar (in hunting thus stopping the boar from running away).

Without Vrsakapi, Indra is running off the ahi (quarks).

Like a dog that grounds a running boar by catching its ears and guards it, Vrsakapi catches the running away Indra by ears, grounds it and guards it.
Residual strong force field protects the baryonic nucleus by holding the nucleons in their place.
priyā taṣṭāni me kapir vyaktā vyadūduṣat |
śiro nvasya rāviṣaṃ na sugaṃ duṣkṛte bhuvaṃ viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
The broken pieces of the top/head do not go/pass through creating a defectin the matter.

Before the dawn, Vrsakapi manifests as a trimmer of Indra, filterer of Soma. The broken pieces of the top do not pass through creating a defect in the matter..
Residual strong force-field trims the mass of the nucleus and causes a mass defect. The sum of masses of nucleons is lesser than the mass of nucleus as the remaining energy is the binding energy.

Some of the mass of nucleons do not go through the formation of nucleus.
na mat strī subhasattarā na suyāśutarā bhuvat |
na matpraticyavīyasī na sakthyudyamīyasī viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
No female than I with better secret parts, none with a tighter embrace than I manifests. I do not press very close, power does not rise excessively.

Electrons embrace such a nucleus bound by residual strong force field.

Electrons come as close to the nucleus as possible (without falling in and getting annihilated).

The electrostatic power that attracts the electron to the nucleons does not rise excessively.
uve amba sulābhike yathevāGga bhaviṣyati |
bhasan me ambasakthi me śiro me vīva hṛṣyati viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
That primordial matter/amba is easily won over as I will   become a limb/part.

I become excited/quivering/oscillating in back, top with primordial energy
The electrons becomes a limb or part of the atom.

Soon the entire primordial matter gets bound into nuetral atoms, as nucleo-synthesis proceeds.

The electrons start oscillating/quivering in front,back with energy.
kiṃ subāho svaṅghure pṛthuṣṭo pṛthujāghane |
kiṃ śūrapatninastvamabhyamīṣi vṛṣākapiṃ viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
What/Which good arms, good fingers, broad hair, broad backed, what wife of hero copulates you violently advancing vrsakapi.?

Indrani is declaring that she is good armed, having good fingers, broad hair and broad back and also oscillating all over the body from top to bottom.
Science says electrons are present in specific orbitals which are in different shapes.

These shapes do have broad back, broad top etc. They are oscillating in nature too.

Though electrons are attracted to protons they are held in their place due to the atomic orbitals.
avīrāmiva māmayaṃ śarārurabhi manyate |
utāhamasmivīriṇīndrapatnī marutsakhā viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
Uncontrolled/restraint-less Roaring arrow like me think I am brave wife of Indra, the colleague of Maruts
The electrons that are oscillating, in different shapes of orbitals.
saṃhotraṃ sma purā nārī samanaṃ vāva gachati |
vedhāṛtasya vīriṇīndrapatnī mahīyate viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
Sacrificing together in the past/formerly/from long ago, oldest lady’s union certainly (vAva) goes accomplishing the brave wife of Indra as the Order’s greatest.
Union of electron with proton is the first and oldest union that has happened in cosmic evolution..
indrāṇīmāsu nāriṣu subhaghāmahamaśravam |
nahyasyāaparaṃ cana jarasā marate patir viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
I hear Indrani moon woman fortunate, not yesterday later and not by old age/decay dies her husband.

This sloka is set as spoken by ‘Indrani’, the wife of Indra, colleagues of Maruts.
Electrons become a satellite of nucleus, thus giving stability and near immortality to atoms.
nāhamindrāṇi rāraṇa sakhyur vṛṣākaperte |
yasyedamapyaṃ haviḥ priyaṃ deveṣu ghachati viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
Nor I am Indrani, the distant colleague, without vrsakapi, who arrives in these oblations of Apa as dear matter.
Without residual nuclear interaction this union is not possible. Electrons are produced from High energy photons in that epoch.

The Apa are photons. When Apa or Photons become oblations in the Cosmic Yajna, Sachi or Aira (leptons) arrives in them.

When Indra is engulfed by Vrsakapi, sachi becomes the Moon woman of Indra and ensures that Indra never dies.
vṛṣākapāyi revati sūputra ādu susnuṣe |
ghasat ta indraukṣaṇaḥ priyaṃ kācitkaraṃ havir viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
The Revati filled with Vrsakapi blessed with sons and their consorts. Indra devours the ‘Uksana’ making binds or chains of oblations.

Universe/gas cloud in the Photon epoch with Vrsakapi blessed with sons and their consorts. Indra devours those fermionic drops making binds or chains of oblations.

Uksana are translated as ‘drops’ or ‘sprinkles’ of Soma that impregnate. They are also translated as ‘Bulls’ which has ‘sprinkles/drops’ that impregnate.
I translate Uksana as ‘Fermionic drops’. Science says there are three generations of such fermionic drops each having 15 fermions. Out of these three generations, the lightest of them all which contain 15 Up,Down Quarks with Blue, Red, Green Color and Left/Right Orientation along with Electrons and neutrinos form our Universe.
Nucleus of atoms are modelled as ‘drops’ of fermions in science.

Indra (Baryon maker) is said to devour the Uksana forming chains/binds for the Universal Yajna/sacrifice.
The universe at that time of photon epoch was shining with photons, but also remnants of baryons (sons) and leptons (consorts).

These fermionic drops are devourted, bound together in atoms and higher order atomic elements.
ukṣṇo hi me pañcadaśa sākaṃ pacanti viṃśatim |
utāhamadmi pīva idubhā kukṣī pṛṇanti me viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
Me in fifteen Uksana, they cook their twenty. Certainly/It is said (uta) I (aham) feed/consume (admi) on both (ubha) very strong/stout/fatty (pIva); they fill (prnaNti) just (id) abdomen/womb/interiror (kuksi)

Me in fifteen Uksana, they cook along  twenty. Certainly/It is said I  feed/consume on both very strong/stout/fatty; they fill my abdomen/interior.

Here Indrani is saying “I, one of the fifteen Uksana, fill my interior with fatty mixture of 15 Uksanas cooked with twenty”.

What is that twenty..?
Fifteen fermions of the lightest generation arise from the QGP of lightest generation quarks and gluons. These become the nucleus and form the interior of electron in an atom.
vṛṣabho na tighmaśṛṅgho.antaryūtheṣu roruvat |
manthastaindra śaṃ hṛde yaṃ te sunoti bhāvayur viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
As the fifteen and twenty cook together, the churning comes to end protecting the Heart which is sewn together, which bellows loudly like a sharp horn of a bull amongst a group of arrows.
Thus from the quarks and baryons a single nucleus emerges.
na seśe yasya rambate.antarā sakthyā kapṛt |
sedīśeyasya romaśaṃ niṣeduṣo vijṛmbhate viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
As the churning comes to stop and the Heart forms, there is no remainder which internally hangs down independent of Indra.  

Hairy structures (romazam) who prevented the blossoming of the dawn of the Universe, decay.
When nucleus forms in nucleo-synthesis phase all baryons go into the nucleus without any remainder. All individual baryons either decay or become nucleus.
na seśe yasya romaśaṃ niṣeduṣo vijṛmbhate |
sedīśeyasya rambate.antarā sakthyā kapṛd viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
As the churning comes to stop and the Heart forms, there is no remainder of hairy structures that prevented the blossoming of the dawn of the Universe. Those that hang independent of Indra decay.
Every baryon becomes part of a nucleus of an atom.
ayamindra vṛṣākapiḥ parasvantaṃ hataṃ vidat |
atoasiṃsūnāṃ navaṃ carumādedhasyāna ācitaṃ viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
This Indra vrsakapi (Binding energy of Indra or Nuclear Binding energy or the Residual Strong interaction) finds/discovers/knowsthe slaining of the hairy structure.  Cutting, sewining new grains  are filled/loaded/spread in the energy vessel/tank.

Parasvantam is the ‘hairy structure’ , which is also used to denote wild animals covered with hair.

The energy vessel/tank is the nucleus of the atoms. The Indra Vrsakapi, the residual strong interaction, binds the hairy structures cutting and sewing new ‘grains’ in that energy/sacrificial vessel.
The baryons get destroyed to form a complete nucleus. In that process protons and neutrons combine in the nucleus.

The nucleus is the energy vessel of an atom as it carries the most energy/mass of an atom.
ayam emi vicākaśad vicinvan dāsam āryam |
pibāmipākasutvano.abhi dhīramacākaśaṃ viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
This/these go/lead to being clearly seen distinguishing Proton and Neutron. (Dasam and Aryam).

I drink the cooked/simplified drinker of Soma (the nucleus is the cooked/simplified drinker of soma) the  that is composed/steady, I am more clearly seen.
Electrons envelope such nucleus of atom with more protons and neutrons and form higher order elements, which are more stable.
dhanva ca yat kṛntatraṃ ca kati svit tā vi yojanā |
nedīyāso vṛṣākape.astamehi ghṛhānupa viśvasmādindrauttarah ||
As new grains form in the energy vessel, as the soma drinking ‘nucleus’ increases in size, in those distances of the semi-spherical surface and its divisions, very near force vrsakapi descends down as the home.

Dhanva means bow or an object of curved surface. Sometimes even the Sky (atmosphere) is pictured as Bow and called Dhanva.

In this sloka, the dhanva is the curved suface, ‘hrde’ that forms from the hairy structures, drinking soma, binding together and forming new grains, which are seen as Dasa and Arya. In short it is the Nucleus of an atom in Nuclear liquid drop model. Dhanva is the curved surface of the liquid drop model of nucleus.

Vrsakapi is said to reside within the distances of this nucleus, very near to it.
As higher order nucleons evolve due to
Residual nuclear interaction which is present only inside the nucleus. Nuclear binding energy is a measure of the strength of that interaction.
punarehi vṛṣākape suvitā kalpayāvahai |
ya eṣasvapnanaṃśano.astameṣi patha punar viśvaśmādindrauttaraḥ ||
Come back Vrsakapi, arrange a good net. All the riches born out of Amza descend to ground desiring your return path.

amza is the Universal gas cloud in nucleo-synthesis phase.

Indrani is asking Vrsakapi the nuclear binding energy, the residual nuclear force, that settled down in the nucleus of atom to come back and produce a good net for the ‘riches’ produced out of amza.

In other words Indrani is asking the nuclear binding energy to come back and trap more,  forming a good ‘net’.
While the nuclear binding energy forms the nucleus, the atomic binding energy helps to keep the electrons around the nucleus. In that way it traps the electrons around the nucleus.

Thus binding of nucleons and then electrons form atoms, elements and compounds (whhich also lead to biological life) which could be viewed as a baryonic net of universe in which in every node Indra or Baryons are present.

The entire universe an be seen as a Baryonic net or Indra’s net in which every node is Indra or baryons.
yadudañco vṛṣākape ghṛhamindrājaghantana |
kva sya pulvaghomṛghaḥ kamaghañ janayopano viśvasmādindra uttaraḥ ||
That which vrsakapi moves upwards from residence, coming as descendant of Indra where virulent/deadly rover moves in one’s own accord, binding particles.

Janaya are elements.

When the Vrsakapi, the residual nuclear interaction or the nuclear binding energy moves upwards it transforms itself as a ‘descendant of Indra’. It starts  binding virulent/deadly rovers (electrons) binding elements.

Science says while nuclear binding energy binds nucleons, as it starts binding electrons, it si the Electro-magnetic force field that binds the electrons. This electro-magnetic force field causes  the expulsion of atomic binding energy.

Electro-magnetic force field indeed is a descendant of indra or born out of the protons.

Thus the Vrsakapi (the residual nuclear force field that bite and ground the Indra, when it comes back from Indra becomes the Electro-magnetic force field born out of Indra).

Thus atomic binding energy is different than nuclear binding energy.
When the Vrsakapi, the residual nuclear interaction or the nuclear binding energy moves upwards it transforms itself as a ‘descendant of Indra’. It starts  binding virulent/deadly rovers (electrons) binding elements.

Science says while residual nuclear force binds nucleons, Electro-magnetic force field born out of protons (Indra) binds electrons and expels the atomic binding energy.

Thus atomic binding energy is different than nuclear binding energy caused by two different force fields, one that hurts/binds the nucleons (Indra) and one that is born/descendant of nucleons (Indra).

The atomic binding energy binds higher and higher order nucleons and electrons forming newer elements.
parśurha nāma mānavi sākaṃ sasūva viṃśa tim |
bhadrambhala tyasyā abhūd yasyā udaramamayad viśvasmādindrauttaraḥ ||
The Unborn, whose womb is diseased and could not reproduce, the ‘twenty’, becomes fortunate, generating beings with consciousness named/Identified as ‘Parzur’ or ‘Ribbed’ beings.

The 15 earlier mentioned are the Quarks and leptonic or fermionic drops.

The twenty mentioned earlier and now is thus the Quark-Gluon-Plasma that is unborn, diseased, could not reproduce
and that got enlivened by the fifteen types of fermionic drops that appeared on it.

Why is QGP twenty..? The twelve quarks/anti-quarks with eight gluons are bound ina  plasmic state and hence twenty.
Higher order atomic elements that have ribs/orbits around nuclei, evolve life.

The lightest generation of 15 fermionic drops that arose out of the QGP (with 12 quarks and 8 gluons) form the whole Universe including its life.